Learning material around Scenario Two

1. Understanding Dyslexia

Dyslexia is a common learning difficulty that can cause problems with reading, writing and spelling. Dyslexia is lifelong problem that can present challenges on a daily basis. Signs of dyslexia usually become apparent when a child starts school and begins to focus more on learning how to read and write. Common symptoms include reading and writing slowly, confusing the order of letters in words, putting letters the wrong way, e.g. "b" instead of "d", understanding information when told verbally, but having difficulty with information that's written down, finding it hard to carry out a sequence of directions, struggling with planning and organisation. It is important to bear in mind that dyslexic children are often good in other areas, such as creative thinking and problem solving.

Some practical solutions:

  • Occasional one-to-one teaching or lessons in a small group with a specialist teacher.
  • Using phonics – a special learning technique that focuses on improving the ability to identify and process the smaller sounds that make up words (as opposed to the traditional for Bulgarian literacy classrooms where initial reading is taught based on the syllable division of words).
  • Technology, such as computers and speech recognition software, that may make it easier for a dyslexic child to read and write when they are a bit older.
  • The use of text-to-speech and speech-to-text applications can be helpful for student’s individual time for lesson preparation.
  • When designing tests or texts for dyslexic students mind the font and size of the script. Good fonts for people with dyslexia are Helvetica, Courier, Arial, Verdana and CMU.